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I Henry Phillips Sr. Collection

The Historical Photography Project is proud to collaborate with the I. Henry Phillips Sr. Archive, maintained and curated by his grandson and fellow photographer Webster Phillips, to showcase a selection of rare images of Black arts, entertainment, and culture on Pennsylvania Avenue (1940s-1950s). Many of the images featured in this collection were taken by I. Henry Phillips Sr. before the repeal of Jim Crow-era segregation laws that "affected almost every aspect of daily life, mandating segregation of schools, parks, libraries, drinking fountains, restrooms, buses, trains, and restaurants. "Whites Only" and "Colored" signs were constant reminders of the enforced racial order." (PBS)

Featured images highlight Black businesses, protests, Black joy, and arts and entertainment events facilitated by exclusive Black-owned and operated social clubs.